Color Schemes

February 4, 2009 at 3:31 PM (Floral Design)

There are many different color schemes, all with individual benefits, that can be utilized when making a flower arrangement. Color schemes use various colors to compliment each other and to emphasize a specific color.

Monochromatic:
Monochromatic color schemes use tints, tones, and shades of a single hue. Because there is little variation of color, texture, form, and value are used to provide visual interest. Green foliage can be used in small amounts and will not detract from the color scheme. Lighter hues (tints) should be used on the perimeter of the design and near the height of the design. Darker hues (shades) bring more visual weight and should be used to draw attention to the focal point. Intermediate hues should be used as a transition between the tints and shades. Monochromatic schemes can be used in a room that has a wall with many colors or patterns. Picking a single color from the room and using it in the design will compliment the room and bring attention to the design.

Accented Neutral:
An Accented Neutral design uses a neutral background and focuses on a single hue. White is the most common neutral used in these designs because it is a naturally occurring color. This scheme should be used in a room with a heavy pattern and many colors.

Analogous:
Analogous color schemes have a great emotional appeal because it used three hues of a single primary color. However, it is not necessary for the primary color to be used in the design. This design focuses on one specific hue and uses two intermediate hues to emphasize that hue. These designs are most commonly seasonally themed.

Complementary:
Complementary designs use two colors opposite of each other on the color wheel, only one of these colors is emphasized. One color is warm and the other color is cold.

Split-Complementary:
This design is considered to be easier than complementary designs. Three colors are used and one color is used as the color of emphasis.

Triad:
A single color of emphasis with is chosen from three equidistant hues in the triad color scheme.

Double Split Complementary:
This scheme used colors that are adjacent to both the direct compliments. If Red and Green are the compliments, then red-orange, red-violet, blue-green, and yellow-green are the colors used.

Tetrad:
With the tetrad scheme, four equidistant colors are used. Ex. Yellow, Blue- Green, Violet, Red- Orange.

Polychromatic:
A polychromatic scheme is difficult to achieve. Three or more unrelated colors are chosen in this scheme and one color is dominant. A bouquet of spring flowers is a good example.

McDaniel, G. L. (1998). Floral Design & Arrangement 3rd Edition. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall.

Instructional Materials Service. The Element of Color.

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